A proactive prescription
When medications expire, what should you do?
Nora Stelter, assistant professor of clinical studies at Drake
Universityâ€™s College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, answers some
questions on the proper disposal of pharmaceuticals.
Why is it important to dispose of expired pharmaceuticals?
Infants or pets can accidentally ingest unused medications, and
unused medications are at risk for abuse. A safe process for medication
disposal, such as the TakeAway program in Iowa, can help remove unused, outdated or unwanted medications from the home to help prevent exposure.
Can medications be flushed down the toilet or thrown away?
Flushing medications or tossing them in the garbage is not a
preferred method of disposal. When medications are flushed down the
toilet, they may end up in Iowaâ€™s water supply, and typical
water treatment systems are not adequately equipped to remove
pharmaceuticals. Additionally, medications disposed of in the garbage
are sent to landfills where they may contaminate the land or wash away
into the water supply.
Can you take unused medications to a local pharmacy for proper disposal?
Yes. This is exactly the goal of Iowaâ€™s statewide TakeAway program,
which began in late 2009. Spearheaded by the Iowa Pharmacy Association,
more than 400 participating community pharmacies across all of Iowaâ€™s 99
counties have contributed to the programâ€™s ongoing effort. TakeAway
encourages individuals to bring their unwanted and expired medications
to participating community pharmacies. To find a drop-off pharmacy and
see a list of medications acceptable for drop off, visit www.iarx.org/takeaway/.
What happens to medications after drop off?
The pharmacist will dispose of the returned medications, placing the
pharmaceuticals in a waste bin specially designed to safely store
discarded medical products along with their packaging. Once filled, the
bin is sealed and shipped to a medication disposal facility for
incineration, ensuring that unused and expired pharmaceuticals do not
enter water supplies. In addition, the incineration facility used by the
TakeAway program employs a waste-to-energy incineration process,
harnessing the energy produced by incineration into electricity.
Are there alternative methods of drop off?
Some participating pharmacies also sell TakeAway envelopes:
pre-addressed, postage-paid large envelopes that can be taken into the
home, filled with unused and expired medicine and mailed through the
United States Postal Service to the disposal facility.
What is Drake doing to help?
As part of Drakeâ€™s involvement with the TakeAway program, Drake
pharmacy students are educating community members on proper medication
disposal. With the help of the programâ€™s mascot, Pill Dude, the students
have visited 12 senior centers in the Des Moines area to share